What Percentage Of The Us Population Has A Master’s Degree – Last year, the U.S. population grew at its slowest pace in a century due to declining births, rising deaths and falling immigration. As with immigration in general, fertility rates fell regardless of race or Hispanic origin. As a result, the growth rate of both minority and non-Hispanic white populations slowed. However, according to the latest Census Bureau estimates, the ethnic diversity of the population continues to grow. This increasing diversity reflects two important demographic trends. The minority population is growing while the non-Hispanic white population is declining. The interaction of differences in white and minority populations increases diversity.
Diversity is widespread in many parts of the country. However, diversity is uneven geographically. Populations are quite diverse in large urban areas across the country, as well as in much of the South and West. This is reflected in the yellow and orange areas of Figure 1. Here, two residents of the same state are more likely to be of different races or Hispanics. In contrast, populations were more uniform across much of New England, the Great Lakes region, and the northern Great Plains, as reflected in the blue and green colors on the map.
What Percentage Of The Us Population Has A Master’s Degree
The growth of the national population last year and since 2010 is a result of the growth of the minority population. Last year, the minority population grew by 1,777,000, or 1.4%, and by 19,500,000, or 17.5%, since 2010. The Hispanic population grew by 932,000 and accounted for 60 percent of all population growth last year. Non-Hispanic Asians and blacks also contributed significantly to the recent increases, at 360,000 and 287,000, respectively. Multiracial (173,000) and indigenous (24,400) populations also grew. By comparison, the non-Hispanic white population fell by 225,000 between July 2018 and July 2019.
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The latest Census Bureau population estimates are: 60.1% non-Hispanic white; 18.5% Hispanic; 12.5% non-Hispanic black; 5.8% non-Hispanic Asian; 2.2% of two or more races of non-Hispanic ethnic origin; and 0.9% indigenous people (Figure 2).
Kenneth M. is a senior demographer at Johnson College, a professor of sociology at the University of New Hampshire, and an Andrew Carnegie Fellow.
The markedly different demographic trajectories between non-Hispanic whites and ethnic minorities are the result of the interplay of several key demographic forces. Natural increase (births less deaths) accounted for 62 percent of U.S. population growth last year. Immigration is important, contributing another 38% of population growth last year. Although natural increase and immigration have declined in recent years, they continue to contribute to an increasingly diverse U.S. population. Ethnic minority populations continue to grow, because births far outpace deaths and immigration has not grown much. In contrast, the non-Hispanic white population shrank slightly due to fewer births, more deaths, and fewer immigrants.
The driving force behind minority population growth is natural growth. Currently, for every death, there are 2.9 ethnic minority births. Among Hispanics, the rate is even higher, at 4.8 infants per death. Minority births exceed deaths because the minority population (excluding Asians) is on average about 10 years younger than the non-Hispanic white population (median age 43.7 years). As a result, minority populations have more women of childbearing age and fewer older adults at risk of death. 70% of minority population growth from 2018 to 2019 is natural growth. Natural growth is even higher among Hispanics, accounting for 83 percent of population growth. So immigration is important, and most of the minority population is now due to natural increase.
State & Us Population Growth 2019
By comparison, more non-Hispanic whites die than are born. Last year, there were only 87 births for every 100 non-Hispanic white deaths. Between 2010 and 2019, there were only 94 births for every 100 deaths. Last year, whites accounted for 77% of all deaths in the US but 50% of births. The small immigration of non-Hispanic whites is not enough to offset the small population loss caused by this natural decline.
The decline of the non-Hispanic white population combined with the growth of the minority population increases the diversity of the population, as minorities now make up a larger share of the population than before. In recent years, however, diversity has grown more slowly due to falling fertility rates and declining minority immigration. Minorities now make up nearly 40 percent of the U.S. population, compared with 36 percent in 2010 and 31 percent in 2000.
Children are at the forefront of growing diversity. In 2019, only 50% of the population under the age of 18 was non-Hispanic white. By comparison, 76% of the over-65 population is non-Hispanic white. The growing diversity of children is driven by an increase in minority children and a decrease in non-Hispanic white children. Between 2010 and 2019, the minority child population grew by 6%, while the non-Hispanic white child population decreased by about 8%. This is because the number of white women having their first child (ages 20 to 39) increased by just 1% from 2010 to 2019, while the number of minority women increased by about 17%. In addition, a general decline in fertility has also reduced fertility among non-Hispanic whites and ethnic minorities. These changes put children at the forefront of an increasingly diverse society. Although the Great Recession and its economic consequences reduced the number of births and fertility rates for all women, the US population is growing modestly and its diversity has increased. It remains to be seen how the COVID-19 pandemic will affect mortality, fertility and migration in the future. While the pandemic may affect the rate of change in diversity, long-term demographic trends allow diversity in the United States to continue to grow.
This analysis is based on population estimates released by the Census Bureau on June 25, 2020. The way the Census Bureau estimates births and deaths differs from the procedures used by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Therefore, while the two institutions have differences in the number of births and deaths classified as non-Hispanic white, the NCHS data do not allow for births or deaths by multiple races—all births and deaths are classified into one racial category. The Census Bureau allows births and deaths for multiple races. NCHS data consistently show more non-Hispanic white births than census data. Therefore, readers should use caution when interpreting these results and recognize that this analysis uses the best available data to indicate current trends.
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Barbara Cook of the school provided GIS support for the project. This research was supported by a joint grant from the US Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture, the New Hampshire Agricultural Research Center supporting the author’s Andrew Carnegie Fellowship and Hatch Multistate Regional Project W-4001. The content is solely the responsibility of the author and does not necessarily represent the official views of the sponsoring organization. A locked padlock or https:// means you are securely connected to the .gov website. Only share sensitive information on official, secure websites.
Over the past decade, the U.S. adult population has grown faster than both the under-18 population and the U.S. population as a whole, according to the first detailed 2020 data released today.
In 2020, the United States Census Bureau counted 331.4 million people living in the United States; Three-quarters (77.9%), or more than 258.3 million, were adults 18 or older, an increase of 10.1% from 234.6 million in 2010. The growth of the elderly population is partly driven by the aging of the baby boomer generation, born between 1946 and 1964, who will be between the ages of 57 and 75 in 2021.
In 2020, the Northeast region had the largest proportion of the elderly population (79.7%) and the smallest proportion of the population under the age of 18 (20.3%).
Eight Takeaways From The Census 2020
In contrast, the South has the lowest proportion of adults (77.5%) and the highest proportion of youth (22.5%).
By comparison, the number of youth under the age of 18 in 2020 was 73.1 million, or 22.1% of the US population, down 1.4% from 74.2 million in 2010. The slow decline in the youth population is partly due to the general decline in fertility rates that has continued since 2007.
During the same period, the total population of the United States grew at a slower rate than the adult population: an increase of 7.4 percent from 308.7 million in 2010 (Table 1).
Although the elderly population grew from 2010 to 2020, the increase was slower than in the first decade of the 21st century, increasing by 12.2%, from 209.1 million in 2000 to 234.6 million in 2010.
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In 2020, the Northeast region had the largest proportion of the elderly population (79.7%) and the smallest proportion of the population under 18 years of age (20.3%) (Table 2a).
But only the South saw growth in both age groups between 2000 and 2010 and between 2010 and 2020: the region’s youth population grew by 2.2.
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